Ecology and Clean Development
As described by the UNFCC, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), defined in Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol, allows a country with an emission-reduction or emission-limitation commitment under the Kyoto Protocol (Annex B Party) to implement an emission-reduction project in developing countries. Such projects can earn saleable certified emission reduction (CER) credits, each equivalent to one tonne of CO2, which can be counted towards meeting Kyoto targets. A CDM project must provide emission reductions that are additional to what would otherwise have occurred. The projects must qualify through a rigorous and public registration and issuance process. Approval is given by the Designated National Authorities. Public funding for CDM project activities must not result in the diversion of official development assistance.
In association with our alliance partner Green Ventures Fund (GVF), we help our clients identify potential CER credits and credit opportunities, help them implement the emission reductions, prepare the data packages needed to meet the requirements for certification, and once certified help to get the best value for the CER credits. At a broader level we work with our corporate clients to help them develop and implement a corporate carbon footprint strategy.
Solid Waste Management
We help Municipalities, local authorities and private waste management companies conduct evaluation studies of their solid waste management programs and develop systemic strategies and programs to improve their SWM. This includes strategies for extending landfill lives,improving transfer station operations, environmental assessments of land fill relocations programs, closure of land fills, recovery of methane and other uses, feasibility studies for compost plants, incinerator plants, etc.
One major area of specialization here is the introduction of private sector participation in SWM. We can help design and implement private sector participation in collection, transfer stations, motor pools and landfill operations with the right incentives and penalties built to yield improved results in terms of cost as well as effectiveness.
We also help to design the tariff regimes related to sorting and seggregation at collection and other programs to provide the right incentives and improve the overall sanitary and environmental aspects of the system.
One area in particular where we specialize is designing programs to include in the programs to improve, mechanize and /or introduce private participation in solid waste management, the incumbent or indigenous people who who make a living from solid waste. This is an issue which, unless addressed, often has impeded investments in solid waste management.